Data, Stats, News & Info

Anadarko Basin
Data, History, and Current State

This guide provides information about the Anadarko Basin, oil and gas data, history, top operators, and other facts.

Overview

Anadarko Basin Oil and Gas

With its strategic location and abundant energy reserves, the Anadarko Basin hosts important unconventional plays.

After the introduction of hydraulic fracturing and horizontal drilling technologies, the Anadarko Basin has emerged as a key player. Today, most of their production is operated by Continental Resources, Ovintiv, and Devon.

The Anadarko Basin -- a century of exploration

The Anadarko Basin is a prolific hydrocarbon-producing region renowned for its diverse geological formations and extensive oil and natural gas reserves. Spanning parts of Oklahoma and Texas, this basin boasts a rich history of exploration and production, with major discoveries dating back to the early 20th century. Its stratigraphic complexity, characterized by stacked reservoirs and unconventional plays, continues to attract significant investment and innovation from industry leaders.

What is the Anadarko Basin?

The Anadarko Basin, located in the southern Great Plains of North America, is a prolific sedimentary basin known for its rich energy resources. Stretching across portions of Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, and Colorado.

This extensive area spans a substantial area of approximately 50,000 square miles (129,500 square kilometers). 

The Anadarko Basin was formed due to mountain-building during the Paleozoic period. Many of the rocks in the basin were deposited at the same time as the Permian Basin, the Ft. Worth Basin, and the Williston Basin. 

Horizontal Rig Count

The Anadarko Basin: History, Data and Facts

Oil production in the Anadarko Basin began in the early 20th century, around the year 1912.

When and how did it start?

The initial discoveries of oil in the basin sparked a significant boom in drilling activity and led to the rapid development of the region’s oil fields.

The first major oil field discovered in the Anadarko Basin was the Cushing Field, located in Oklahoma. Its discovery marked the beginning of a prolific era of oil exploration and production in the region. Although the field has been depleted, the area has become a hub of oil storage and trading, and is the delivery location where the main WTI benchmark is tracked.

The development of drilling technologies, such as rotary drilling and hydraulic fracturing (fracking), played a crucial role in unlocking the basin’s vast hydrocarbon resources for its modern phase. 

Horizontal Well Daily Oil Production [bo/d]
Number of wells with reported production, by state

Top counties [August 2013 - August 2023]

Horizontal Well Daily Oil Production [bo/d] of the Top Counties
# County State Horizontal Well Count - March 2023 Daily Production (bo/d) - August 2023
1 Kingfisher Oklahoma 1,877 52,159
2 Grady (OK) Oklahoma 1,137 47,682
3 Canadian Oklahoma 1,515 39,161
4 McClain Oklahoma 265 24,935
5 Blaine (OK) Oklahoma 907 23,505
6 Garvin Oklahoma 329 20,449
7 Stephens (OK) Oklahoma 289 20,119
8 Ellis (OK) Oklahoma 927 18,406
9 Carter (OK) Oklahoma 286 14,488
10 Dewey (OK) Oklahoma 568 7,110
11 Love Oklahoma 78 6,201
12 Major Oklahoma 231 6,009
13 Woods Oklahoma 949 5,943
14 Alfalfa Oklahoma 1,161 5,189
15 Ochiltree Texas 777 4,916

Top 15 oil operators [August 2013 - August 2023] - wells by current operator

Horizontal Well Daily Oil Production [bo/d] of the Top 15 operators
#
Operators State Horizontal Well Count - August 2023 Daily Production (Bo/d) - August 2023
1 Continental Resources Oklahoma 1,046 56,432
2 Ovintiv Oklahoma & Texas 955 43,695
3 Devon Energy Oklahoma & Kansas 891 25,665
4 Mewbourne Oil Oklahoma & Texas 826 18,503
5 BCE-Mach III Oklahoma, Texas & Kansas 592 16,598
6 Marathon Oklahoma 405 14,965
7 Citizen Energy Oklahoma 603 14,471
8 CPRP Services Oklahoma 110 11,001
9 Exxon Mobil Oklahoma 476 10,601
10 Camino Natural Resources Oklahoma 185 8,978
11 Canvas Energy Oklahoma 359 8,799
12 Coterra Energy Oklahoma & Texas 417 6,592
13 Maverick Natural Resources Oklahoma & Texas 1,284 6,588
14 BCE-Mach Oklahoma & Kansas 1,006 5,317
15 Presidio Petroleum Oklahoma & Texas 1,245 4,801

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The Anadarko Basin Gas Production

When and how did it start?

Gas production in the Anadarko Basin began around the same time as oil production, in the early 20th century. As oil drilling activities expanded in the region, natural gas was often encountered as a byproduct of oil exploration and production.

Advancements in drilling technology, such as directional drilling and hydraulic fracturing, contributed to the increased extraction of natural gas from both conventional and unconventional reservoirs within the basin. Additionally, the expansion of pipeline infrastructure facilitated the transportation of natural gas to markets across the United States.

Gas production over the last 10 years

Horizontal Well Daily Gas Production [Mcf/d]

Top counties [August 2013 - August 2023]

Horizontal Well Daily Gas Production [Mcf/d] of the Top Counties
# County State Horizontal Well Count - August 2023 Daily Production (Mcf/d) - August 2023
1 Canadian Oklahoma 1,515 834,160
2 Grady (OK) Oklahoma 1,137 760,296
3 Blaine (OK) Oklahoma 907 514,241
4 Kingfisher Oklahoma 1,877 485,282
5 Stephens (OK) Oklahoma 289 256,604
6 Garvin Oklahoma 329 250,199
7 Carter (OK) Oklahoma 286 177,939
8 Wheeler (TX) Texas 912 120,883
9 Custer (OK) Oklahoma 199 113,169
10 Ellis (OK) Oklahoma 927 110,823
11 Alfalfa Oklahoma 1,161 109,569
12 Hemphill Texas 776 106,849
13 McClain Oklahoma 265 97,183
14 Dewey (OK) Oklahoma 568 87,168
15 Woods Oklahoma 949 72,000

Top 15 natural gas operators [August 2013 - August 2023] - wells by current operator

Horizontal Well Daily Gas Production [Mcf/d] of the Top 15 Operators
# Operator State Horizontal Well Count - August 2023 Daily Production (Mcf/d) - August 2023
1 Continental Resources Oklahoma 1,046 810,085
2 Ovintiv Oklahoma & Texas 955 521,252
3 Citizen Energy Oklahoma 603 37,220
4 Devon Energy Oklahoma & Kansas 891 349,196
5 Marathon Oklahoma 405 317,493
6 BCE-Mach Oklahoma & Kansas 1,006 217,389
7 Camino Natural Resources Oklahoma 185 155,830
8 Coterra Energy Oklahoma & Texas 417 152,435
9 Exxon Mobil Oklahoma 476 152,435
10 Mewbourne Oil Oklahoma & Texas 826 152,435
11 Maverick Natural Resources Oklahoma & Texas 1,284 152,435
12 Gulfport Energy Oklahoma 132 152,435
13 BCE-Mach III Oklahoma, Texas & Kansas 592 152,435
14 Presidio Petroleum Oklahoma & Texas 1,245 152,435
15 Canvas Energy Oklahoma 359 152,435

Natural resources in the Anadarko Basin

The Anadarko Basin is not only rich in oil and natural gas but also hosts coal deposits, uranium deposits, and aquifers that provide essential groundwater resources for agricultural, industrial, and municipal purposes.

The Anadarko Basin formations

The Anadarko Basin is home to several major geological formations, each with its own unique characteristics and significance. Here are some of the notable formations found in the Anadarko Basin.

Major formations:

Granite Wash/Marmaton/Hogshooter

This formation consists of interbedded sandstones, siltstones, shales, and occasional thin limestones. It is primarily known for its productive reservoirs in the Anadarko Basin.

Oswego Limestone

The Oswego Limestone is a limestone formation known for its high porosity and permeability.

Cherokee Formation

The Cherokee Formation is composed of alternating layers of sandstone, shale, and limestone.

Morrow Formation

The Morrow Formation is a sedimentary rock unit consisting of sandstones, shales, and siltstones.

Springer Group/Hot Goddard Formation

The Springer Group includes sandstone, siltstone, shale, and limestone layers. It is a target for oil and gas exploration in the Anadarko Basin, particularly in areas with structural traps.

Chester Group

The Chester Group comprises sandstones, shales, and limestones deposited during the Pennsylvanian Period.

Meramec/Sycamore Siltstone

The Meramec/Sycamore Siltstone formation consists of fine-grained sedimentary rocks, including siltstone and shale. It is an important source of hydrocarbons in the Anadarko Basin.

Osage Limestone

The Osage Limestone is a carbonate rock formation that contains oil and gas reservoirs in the Anadarko Basin. It is characterized by its fossil content and variable porosity.

Woodford Shale

The Woodford Shale is a prolific source of natural gas in the Anadarko Basin. It is a tight shale formation with low permeability, requiring hydraulic fracturing to extract hydrocarbons.

Hunton Group

The Hunton Group consists of limestone, dolomite, sandstone, and shale layers.

Sylvan Shale

The Sylvan Shale formation is composed of organic-rich shale with interbedded sandstone and limestone layers.

Viola Limestone

The Viola Limestone is a carbonate rock formation containing oil and gas reservoirs in the Anadarko Basin. It is characterized by its variable porosity and permeability.

Simpson Group

The Simpson Group consists of sandstone, shale, and limestone layers. It is a target for oil and gas exploration and production in the Anadarko Basin.

Arbuckle

The Arbuckle formation is a carbonate rock unit that serves as a reservoir for oil and gas in the Anadarko Basin. It is known for its high porosity and permeability, making it an important target for drilling operations.

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